useful git commands

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A list of my commonly used Git commands

git init  => Initialize a local Git repository

git clone =>  Create a local copy of a remote repository
ssh://git@github.com/[username]/[repository-name].git

git status => Check status

git add [file-name.txt] => Add a file to the staging area

git add -A => Add all new and changed files to the staging area

commit -m “[commit message]” => Commit changes

git rm -r [file-name.txt] => Remove a file (or folder)

git branch => List branches (the asterisk denotes the current branch)

git branch -a => List all branches (local and remote)

git branch [branch name] => Create a new branch

git branch -d [branch name]  Delete a branch

git push origin –delete [branch name] => Delete a remote branch

git checkout -b [branch name] => Create a new branch and switch to it

git checkout -b [branch name] origin/[branch name] => Clone a remote branch and switch to it

git branch -m [old branch name] [new branch name] => Rename a local branch

git checkout [branch name] => Switch to a branch

git checkout – =>  Switch to the branch last checked out

git checkout — [file-name.txt]  => Discard changes to a file

git merge [branch name] => Merge a branch into the active branch

git stash => Stash changes in a dirty working directory

git stash clear => Remove all stashed entries

git push origin [branch name] => Push a branch to your remote repository

git push -u origin [branch name] => Push changes to remote repository (and remember the branch)

git push => Push changes to remote repository (remembered branch)

git push origin –delete [branch name] => Delete a remote branch

git pull => Update local repository to the newest commit

git pull origin [branch name] => Pull changes from remote repository

git remote add origin  => Add a remote repository
ssh://git@github.com/[username]/[repository-name].git

git remote set-url origin => Set a repository’s origin branch to SSH
ssh://git@github.com/[username]/[repository-name].git

git log => View changes

git log –summary => View changes (detailed)

git log –oneline => View changes (briefly)

git diff [source branch] [target branch] => Preview changes before merging

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